Abstract

Hoggart K. The changing composition of the rural population of England 1971-91. In: Creeser R, Gleave S, editors. Migration Within England and Wales Using the Longitudinal Study. ONS Series LS, no. 9. London: The Stationery Office; 2000. p. 16-29.

In this chapter Hoggart uses LS census data to examine the changing composition of the rural population of England in particular the assumption that it is becoming more homogenised, characterised by conventional household structures and a higher than national incidence of professional and managerial workers. For the purpose of this analysis LS members were grouped according to a socio-economic classification of the ward in which they were living at census. this distinguished, for example, those living in 1991 in rural areas defined as 'agricultural heartland', 'remoter coastal and rural' and 'more accessible rural' areas and 'prosperous English villages'. Two types of rural region were also compared, representing the 'remoter' urban rurality identified by Hodge and Monk (1991) and the 'pressured', urban-centred rurality typified by areas of growth in the South East.
The chapter confirms other findings from single-year migration data, which suggest that migration from cities into the countryside is not significant. There was also little evidence to support the assumption that the English countryside is increasingly dominated by middle class 'conventional' households, but that these types of household were mainly found in particular local pockets, largely in the South East.