Higher education, occupational careers, gender and social class

Peter Elias and Ritva Ellison, University of Warwick and Kate Purcell, University of West England, Bristol

[Project number 30017]

The aim of the project as a whole is to explore the changing pattern of occupational careers of graduates, with particular emphasis on issues relating to social class, entry into higher education and gender inequalities in labour market outcomes. Much of the work using the LS can take place from September 2004, once the 2001 LS has been released.

However, this application relates to preliminary work that may take place before September 2004. The principal researcher is very familiar with the coding of occupations having developed the 1991 and 2001 Census classifications on behalf of the ONS. This work would involve the examination of different occupational groupings using 1991 and 2001 data. It would look at 1991 and 2001 coding of occupations and the validity of Social Class and NS-SEC using 1991 and 2001 LS data.

Thus, this work will:

  • examine SOC90 and SOC2000 dual-coding of 2001 occupations;
  • examine SOC90 coding of 1991 and 2001 occupations;
  • compare RG Social Class 2001 (based on SOC90 coding) with NS-SEC 2001 (based on SOC2000 coding);
  • compare NS-SEC91 (based on SOC90 and 1991 data) with NS-SEC01 (based on SOC2000 and 2001 data).

The LS is uniquely placed to investigate the validity of occupational coding and measures of social class.

LS members' occupations in 2001 have been coded using both SOC2000 and SOC90 classifications. The researchers are interested to know how particular text strings have been coded to SOC and how the two classifications compare at the same point in time.

In addition, SOC90 has now been used twice, in 1991 and 2001. The researchers are interested in investigating how occupational groupings have changed over time.

Also, the LS provides an opportunity to compare the characteristics of social class and NS-SEC for particular occupational groups in 2001.

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