The escalator effect in urban labour markets

Tony Champion, Mike Coombes and Ian Gordon, University of Newcastle

[Project number 30112]

The project aims at understanding how far spatial disparities in human capital arise from migration as opposed to differences between places in developing their own labour force capacity. The research also seeks to discover the impact of local human capital on individual people's productivity, and other labour market outcomes.

There are three main objects of research:
1. To measure the 'escalator' effect; identifying between-place differences in career progression and seeing how far migration responds to these and exacerbates spatial disparities in human capital.
2. To examine the role of investments within the family and in schools, looking at how these affect spatial disparities in education and training outcomes.
3. To investigate the extent to which people's productivity and wages are affected by place differences and changes in local labour market composition.